The League of Extraordinary Packages

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Presented by The League of Extraordinary Packages

Getting Started

Authorization Server

Resource Server

Repository Interfaces

Authorization code grant

The authorization code grant should be very familiar if you’ve ever signed into a web app using your Facebook or Google account.

Flow

Part One

The client will redirect the user to the authorization server with the following parameters in the query string:

All of these parameters will be validated by the authorization server.

The user will then be asked to login to the authorization server and approve the client.

If the user approves the client they will be redirected from the authorisation server to the client’s redirect URI with the following parameters in the query string:

Part Two

The client will now send a POST request to the authorization server with the following parameters:

Note that you need to decode the code query string first. You can do that with urldecode($code).

The authorization server will respond with a JSON object containing the following properties:

Setup

Wherever you initialize your objects, initialize a new instance of the authorization server and bind the storage interfaces and authorization code grant:

// Init our repositories
$clientRepository = new ClientRepository(); // instance of ClientRepositoryInterface
$scopeRepository = new ScopeRepository(); // instance of ScopeRepositoryInterface
$accessTokenRepository = new AccessTokenRepository(); // instance of AccessTokenRepositoryInterface
$authCodeRepository = new AuthCodeRepository(); // instance of AuthCodeRepositoryInterface
$refreshTokenRepository = new RefreshTokenRepository(); // instance of RefreshTokenRepositoryInterface

$privateKey = 'file://path/to/private.key';
//$privateKey = new CryptKey('file://path/to/private.key', 'passphrase'); // if private key has a pass phrase
$publicKey = 'file://path/to/public.key';

// Setup the authorization server
$server = new \League\OAuth2\Server\AuthorizationServer(
    $clientRepository,
    $accessTokenRepository,
    $scopeRepository,
    $privateKey,
    $publicKey
);

$grant = new \League\OAuth2\Server\Grant\AuthCodeGrant(
     $authCodeRepository,
     $refreshTokenRepository,
     new \DateInterval('PT10M') // authorization codes will expire after 10 minutes
 );

$grant->setRefreshTokenTTL(new \DateInterval('P1M')); // refresh tokens will expire after 1 month

// Enable the authentication code grant on the server
$server->enableGrantType(
    $grant,
    new \DateInterval('PT1H') // access tokens will expire after 1 hour
);

Implementation

Please note: These examples here demonstrate usage with the Slim Framework; Slim is not a requirement to use this library, you just need something that generates PSR7-compatible HTTP requests and responses.

The client will redirect the user to an authorization endpoint.

$app->get('/authorize', function (ServerRequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response) use ($server) {
   
    try {
    
        // Validate the HTTP request and return an AuthorizationRequest object.
        $authRequest = $server->validateAuthorizationRequest($request);
        
        // The auth request object can be serialized and saved into a user's session.
        // You will probably want to redirect the user at this point to a login endpoint.
        
        // Once the user has logged in set the user on the AuthorizationRequest
        $authRequest->setUser(new UserEntity()); // an instance of UserEntityInterface
        
        // At this point you should redirect the user to an authorization page.
        // This form will ask the user to approve the client and the scopes requested.
        
        // Once the user has approved or denied the client update the status
        // (true = approved, false = denied)
        $authRequest->setAuthorizationApproved(true);
        
        // Return the HTTP redirect response
        return $server->completeAuthorizationRequest($authRequest, $response);
        
    } catch (OAuthServerException $exception) {
    
        // All instances of OAuthServerException can be formatted into a HTTP response
        return $exception->generateHttpResponse($response);
        
    } catch (\Exception $exception) {
    
        // Unknown exception
        $body = new Stream('php://temp', 'r+');
        $body->write($exception->getMessage());
        return $response->withStatus(500)->withBody($body);
        
    }
});

The client will request an access token using an authorization code so create an /access_token endpoint.

$app->post('/access_token', function (ServerRequestInterface $request, ResponseInterface $response) use ($server) {

    try {
    
        // Try to respond to the request
        return $server->respondToAccessTokenRequest($request, $response);

    } catch (\League\OAuth2\Server\Exception\OAuthServerException $exception) {
    
        // All instances of OAuthServerException can be formatted into a HTTP response
        return $exception->generateHttpResponse($response);
        
    } catch (\Exception $exception) {
    
        // Unknown exception
        $body = new Stream('php://temp', 'r+');
        $body->write($exception->getMessage());
        return $response->withStatus(500)->withBody($body);
    }
});